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IUCN/SCC Otter Specialist Group Bulletin
© IUCN/SCC Otter Specialist Group

Volume 15 Issue 1 Pages 1 - 67 (April 1998)

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Anonymous (1978). Red List of the Moldavian SSR. Otter (Lutra lutra). (for further information please contact: J. Shergalin, Merktrans, Vaike Ameerika 8, EE 0001 Tallinn, Estonia).

Anonymous (1978). Red List of the Kasachian SSR. Otter (Lutra lutra). (for further information please contact: J. Shergalin, Merktrans, Vaike Ameerika 8, EE 0001 Tallinn, Estonia).

Brouwers, E. (1996). De Otter “ En speelse spetter”. (Aminal, Belliardstaat 14-18, B-1040 Brussel, Belgium).

Burdin, A.M., Gorbics, C.S., Staedler, M.M., Van Blaricom, G.R. (1997). 6th Joint U.S. - Russia Sea Otter Workshop. Presentations and Agenda. Abstracts.

Carss, D.N., Elston, D.A., Morley, h.s. (1998). The effects of otter (Lutra lutra) activity on spraint production and composition: implications for models which estimate prey-size distribution. J. Zool. 244: 295-302. (Inst. Terr. Ecol., Banchory Res. Station, Banchory AB31 4BY, Kincardine, SCOTLAND).

Collis, R.O., Foster, G., Ross, H.M. (1996). Isolation of Yersinia ruckeri from an otter and salmonid fish from adjacent freshwater catchments. Vet. Rec. 139: 169. (Vet. Sciences, Vet. Centre, Drummondhill, Stratherrick Road, Inverness IV2 4JZ, UK).

Dubuc, L.J., Krohn, W.B., Owen, R.B. (1990). Predicting occurence of river otters by habitat on Mount Desert Island, Maine. J. Wildl. Manag. 54: 594-599. (Dept. Wildlife, 240 Nutting Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA).

Ewijk, K.J. Van, Knol, A.P., De Jong, R.C.C.M. (1997). An otter PVA as a preparation of a reintroduction experiment n the Netherlands. Int. J. Mamm. Biol. 62: Suppl. 2, 238-242. (de Jong, POB 1528, NL-8901 BV Leeuwarden, The Netherlands).

Foster, J., Turner, C. (1991). Insects and otter diet. Entomologist 110: 166-169. (National Rivers Authority, Southern Region, Guildbourne House, Chatsworth Road, Worthing BN11 1LD, UK).

Foster, G., Ross, H.M., Hutson, R.A., Collins, M.D. (1997). Staphylococcus lutrae sp. novae, a new coagulase-positive species isolated from otters. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 47:, 724-726. (SAC Veterinary Services, Drummondhill, Inverness, Scotland).

Gray, L.E., Ostby, J., Wolf, C., Lambright, C., Kelce, W. (1998). The value of mechanistic studies in laboratory animals for the prediction of reproduction effects in wildlife: endocrine effects on mammalian sexual differentiation. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 17: 109-118. (Endocrinol. Branch, Repr. Toxicol. Div., Natl Health and Ecol. Effcets Res. Laboratory, Research Triangle PK, NC 27711, USA).

Gutleb, A.C., Kranz, A., Nechay, G., Toman, A. (1998). Heavy metals in tissues of the otter (Lutra lutra) from Central Europe. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 60: 273-279. (Div. Toxicology, Wageningen Agricultural University, Tuinlaan 5, NL-6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands).

Henson, K.L., Raskin, R.E., Deem, S.L., Vaughn, K.L. (1997). What is your diagnosis? A river otter with anemia (Haemobartonella-like infection). Vet. Clin. Path. 26: 18-19.

Jahans, K.L., Foster, G., Broughton, E.S. (1997). The characterization of Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals. Vet. Microbiol. 57: 373-382. (Broughton, E.S., Cent. Vet. Lab., Addlestone KT15 3NB, Surrey, United Kingdom).

Jurisch, C., Geidezis, L. (1997). Minimum passage rate of fishes through the digestive tract of otters Lutra lutra Linne, 1758 (Mustelidae). Mammalia 61: 123-126. (Inst. Zool., Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg, Goennerstr. 44, D-96050 Bamberg, Germany).

Kakela, R., Hyvarinen, H. (1996). Site-specific fatty-acid composition in adipose tissues of several northern aquatic and terrestrial mammals. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B. 115: 501-514. (Dept. Biology, University of Joensuu, POB 111, FIN-80101 Joensuu, Finland).

Kannan, K., Guruge, K.S., Thomas, N.J., Tanabe, S., Giesy, J.P. (1998). Butyltin residues in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) found dead along California coastal waters. Environ. Science Technol. 32: 1169-1175. (Michigan State Univ., Inst. Environ. Toxicology, Dept. Zoology, Natl. Food Safety Toxicol. Center, E Lansing, MI 48824, USA).

Keymer, I.F. (1995). Some wildlife disease problems in eastern England. J. British Vet. Zool. Soc. 1: 2-6. (The Old Smithy, The Green, Edgefield, Melton Constable, Norfolk, NR24 2AL, United Kingdom).

Kikuchi, S., Nakajima, M. (1993). Corynosoma enhydri (Acanthocephala) from sea otters Enhydra lutris. Jap. J. Parasitol 42: 331-339. Kikuchi Biomedical Inst., 19-10 Rinkan 2-chome, Yamato-shi, Kanagawa 242, Japan).

Kirkwood, J.K., Sainsbury, A.W. (1997). Diseases and other considerations with wildlife translocations and releases. Proc. Symp. Veterinary Involvement with Wildlife Reintroduction and Rehabilitation. 12-16. (for further information please contact: Scullion, F.T., 16 Cranlome Road, Ballynahaye, Ballygawley, Co Tyrone BT70 2HS - United Kingdom).

Kollars, T.M., Lizotte, R.E., Wilhelm, W.E. (1997). Gastrointestinal helminths in the river otter (Lutra canadensis) in Tennessee. J. Parasitol. 83: 158-160. (Inst. Arthropodology and Parasitology, Georgia Southern University, Statesborough, GA 30460, USA).

Knischewski, M. (1997). Freilandbeobachtungen am Eurasischen Fischotter (Lutra lutra L. 1758) auf Shetland. (Hauptstr. 13, D-91077 Dormitz, Germany)

Knollseisen, M. (1996). Fischbestimmungsatlas als Grundlage für nahrungsökologische Untersuchungen. BOKU-Reports Wildl. Res. Manag. 12: 94pp. (Inst. Wildlife Biology and Game Management, Peter Jordan-Str. 76, A-1190 Vienna, AUSTRIA).

Kruuk, H., Jones, C., Mcclaren, G.W., Gorman, M.L., Conroy, J.W.H. (1997). Changes in age composition in populations of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra in Scotland. J. Zool. 243: 853-857. (Inst. Terr. Ecol., Banchory Res. Station, Banchory AB31 4BY, Kincardine, Scotland).

Lambert, W.D. (1997). The osteology and paleoecology of the giant otter Enhydritherium terraenovae. J. Vert. Paleont. 17: 738-749. (Univ. Florida, Dept. Zool., Gainesville, FL-32611, USA).

Lovett, L., Kruuk, H., Lambin, X. (1997). Factors influencing use of freshwater pools by otters (Lutra lutra) in a marine environment. J. Zool. 243: 825-831. (Inst. Terr. Ecol., Banchory Res. Station, Banchory AB31 4BY, Kincardine, Scotland).

Mason, C.F. (1998). Decline in PCB levels in otters (Lutra lutra). Chemosphere 36: 1969-1971. (Dept of Biology, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom).

Pertoldi, C., Loeschke, V., Madsen, A.B., Randi, E. (1997). Developmental stability in the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) in Denmark. Ann. Zool. Fennici 34: 187-196. (Department of Ecology and Genetics, University of Aarhus, Building 540, Ny Munkegade, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark).

Poole, K.G., Elkin, B.T., Bethke, R.W. (1998). Organochlorine and heavy metal contaminants in wild mink in western Northwest Territories, Canada. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 34: 406-413. (NW Territories Dept. Resources, Wildlife and Fisheries Div., Wildlife Econ. Dev., 600 5102 50th Avenue, Yellowknife, NT X1A 3S8, Canada).

Rakhilin, V.K. (1967). Ecology of the otter (Lutra lutra L.) on sea and sea shores. Bull. Moscow Soc. Naturalists, Biol. Ser., 72: 122-123. (for further information please contact: J. Shergalin, Merktrans, Vaike Ameerika 8, EE 0001 Tallinn, Estonia).

Rjabow, L., Sokolow, M. (1988). Hunting and Game Biology. Stone marten and otter in the area of Woronesch. (for further information please contact: J. Shergalin, Merktrans, Vaike Ameerika 8, EE 0001 Tallinn, Estonia).

Roberts, W.E. (1997). Anura: Leptodactylus pentadactylus (Rana ternero, smoky frog). Predation. Herpetol Rev. 28: 84-85. (Mountain Res. Cent., 408 Traphagen Hall, Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT 59717-3490, USA).

Roberts, W.E. (1997). Anura: Rana pretiosa (spotted frog). Predation. Herpetol. Rev. 28: 86. (.address - see above).

Rukovsky, N. (1994). Tracks of river otter. Hunt and Hunting Industry. 4: 10-11. (for further information please contact: J. Shergalin, Merktrans, Vaike Ameerika 8, EE 0001 Tallinn, Estonia).

Ruiz-Olmo, J., López-Martin, J.M., Delibes, M. (in press). Otters and pollution in Spain. Symp. Zool. Soc. London. (Generalitat de Catalunya, Dept. d´Agricultura Ramaderia i Pesca, Subdirecció General de Conservació de la Natura, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 612-614, 08007 Barcelona, Spain)

Ruprecht, A.L (1996). Materials on the distribution of the beaver (Castor beaver L.) and the otter (Lutra lutra L.) in Poland. Przeglad Zoologiczny 40: 235-241. (ul. Polna 12 “A” m. 27, 87-720 Ciechocinek, Poland).

Satyanarayana, D. (1997). Studies on smooth-coated otter (Lutra perspicillata) in two ecological different habitats in South India with special emphasis on its conservation. PhD Thesis, Osmania University. (for further information please contact: Nagulu, V., University of Osmania, Dept. Zoology, Hyderabad 500 007, India).

Schenck, C. (1997). Vorkommen Habitatnutzung und Schutz des Riesenotters (Pteronura brasiliensis) in Peru. Shaker Verlag. ISBN 3-8265-3126-4. (www.shaker.de or e-mail: info@shaker.de).

Serfass, T.L., Whary, M.T., Peper, R.L., Brooks, R.P., Swimley, T.J., Lawrence, W.R., Rupprecht, C.E. (1995).Rabies in a river otter (Lutra canadensis) intended for reintroduction. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 26: 311-314. (School of Forest Resources, Forest Resources Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA).

Sikora, S. (1984). Studies on the occurence of otter (Lutra lutra) in Poland. (in Polish with English abstract). Poznanskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciol Nauk Wydal Nauk Rolniczych I Lesnych. 253-268. (Katedra Zoologii AR, ul. Wojska Polskiego 71c, P-60625 Poznan, Poland).

Sikora, S. (1984). An otter Lutra lutra (L.) of black coloration. Przeglad Zoologiczny, 28: 553-554. [in Polish] (.address see above).

Sikora, S. (1987). Behaviour of adult otters Lutra lutra L. in conditions of farm breeding. (in Polish with English abstract). Poznanskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciol Nauk Wydal Nauk Rolniczych I Lesnych. 205-215. (.address see above).

Sikora, S. (1992). The behaviour of otter (Lutra Lutra) connected with its places of shelter in conditions of enclosed breeding. (in Polish with English abstract). Rozniki Akademii Rolniczej W Poznaniu. 183-196. (.address see above).

Spelman, L.H., Jochem, W.J., Sumner, P.W., Redmond, D.P., Stoskopf, M.K. (1997). Postanaesthetic monitoring of core body temperature using telemetry in North American river otters (Lutra canadensis). J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 28: 413-417. (Smithsonian Inst., Natl. Zool. Park., Dept. Animal Health, 3001 Conneticut Avenue, Washington, DC 20008, USA).

Spelman, L.H., Sumner, P.W., Karesh, W.B., Stoskopf, M.K. (1997). Tiletamine-zolazepam anaesthesia in North American river otters (Lutra canadensis) and its partial antagonism with flumazenil. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 28: 418-423. (.address see above).

Stoskopf, M.K., Spelman, L.H., Sumner, P.W., Redmond, D.P., Jochem, W.J., Levine, J.F. (1997). The impact of water temperature on core body temperature of North American River otters (Lutra canadensis) during simulated oil spill recovery washing protocols. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 28: 407-412. (N Carolina State University, Coll. Vet. Medicine, Env. Med. Consortium, 4700 Hillsborough St., Raleigh, NC 27606, USA).

Thewissen J.G.M., Fish, F.E. (1997). Locomotor evolution in the earliest cetaceans: finctional model, modern analogues, and paleontological evidence. Paleobiol. 23: 482-490. (Coll. Med., Dept. Anat., Rootstown, OH 44242, USA).

Tjumin, B.N. (1990). Diet of the otter in the autonomic Republic Komi. (for further information please contact: J. Shergalin, Merktrans, Vaike Ameerika 8, EE 0001 Tallinn, Estonia).

Tölgyesi, G. (1997). At the point of no return. (Electronical Group of Hód-Mezögazda RT., H-6800 Hódmezövásárhely, Hungary).

Udewitz, M.S., Ballachey, B.E. (1998). Estimating survival rates with age-structure data. J. Wildl. Manag. 62: 779-792. (US Geol. Survey, Biol Resources Div., Alaska Biol. Science Center, 1011 E Tudor Road, Anchorage, AK 99503, USA).

Wolfe, M., Norman, D. (1998). Effects of waterborne mercury on terrestrial wildlife at Clear Lake: Evaluation and testing of a predictive model. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 17: 214-227. (Toxicol. Task Force, 1233 W Hills RD, Philomath, OR 97370, USA).

WWF Switzerland (1998). Hoffnungsträger Fischotter. WWF Magazin 1/98. (WWF Switzerland, POB, CH-8010 Zürich, Switzerland).


International Workshop, Litschau, Austria
8.-9. February 1996


1 Otters and fish farms: an introduction.
Gossow, H., Kranz, A.


Examples from different European countries
Fish farming and otter damages in the Waldviertel region in Lower Austria - an example: Kinsky's fish farm enterprise Heidenreichstein.
Hafellner W.


Otters (Lutra lutra) versus privatisation in the Czech Republic.
Toman, A.


4 Otters (Lutra lutra) and fish farming in Scotland.
Conroy, J., Green, R.


5 Otters (Lutra lutra) as predators in ornamental ponds.
Green, R.


Otters and their role in ricefields and fish ponds of West Java, Indonesia.
Melisch, R., Lubis, I.R.


The presence of otter (Lutra lutra) in Danish fish farms. Bruun-Schmidt, I.


Effect of the otter on sport fishing in the Pyrenean mountains (NE Spain)
Ruiz-Olmo, R., Casadesus, F


Diet Papers
Influence of different spraint sampling methods on the results of otter diet studies.
Knollseisen, M., Kranz, A.


10  Predation by otters (Lutra lutra) at a salmon hatchery, evidenced by diet studies.
O'Neill, E.M., Day, K.R., Paterson, J.P.H.


11 What do otters (Lutra lutra) feed in a carp pond area in Saxony, Eastern Germany?
Geidezis, L.


12  Preliminary findings on carp Cyprinus carpio predation by otters (Lutra lutra) in the Trebon Biosphere Reserve.
Roche, K


13  Diet and damages by otters Lutra lutra on a series of private ponds in southern Bohemia.
Kucerova, M.


14  Effects of pond management on otter (Lutra lutra) food sources in waters adjacent to ponds.
Jurajda, P., Roche, K


15  Food analysis of Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinera) and smoothed-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) from spraints in the Pamanukan mangrove fish-ponds, West Java, Indonesia.
Lubis, I.R., Melisch, R., Rosmalawati, S.


Other Subjects
16  Damage to fish ponds as a result of otter (Lutra lutra) predation.
Bodner, M.


17  Otter (Lutra lutra) damage compensation in the Czech Republic.
Toman, A.


18  How many otters live `here'? A discussion about counting otters.
Knollseisen, M., Kranz, A.


19  Reintroduction of the European otter (Lutra lutra) experiences from otter release in Sweden.
Sjoasen, T.


20  Mortality of otters (Lutra lutra) in Austria with special reference to evidence for poaching.
 Gutleb, A.C., Kranz, A., Henninger, W., Loupal, G.


Concluding Remarks
21  Otters and fisheries in Central Europe - what is the problem?
Kranz, A., Toman, A., Roche, K.


The price of the booklet is 20.- DM or 140.- ATS (appr. 10US$). Payment should be made in advance by one of the following means: Please send the amount either in an envelope directly to the Institute or transfer the amount without charges to the account no. 4908-10551, Erste Bank (20111), Inst. for Wildlife Biology and Game Management, Vienna, Austria.

For further information please contact:

Dr. Andreas Kranz

Institute for Wildlife Biology and Game Management

Peter-Jordan Str. 76

A-1190 Vienna



Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group
Asian Section
Issue 5/1 March 1998

N. Sivasothi is the editor of the 5th issue of the Asian Otter Newsletter. In this issue the following articles are included. Otter fishing in Bangladesh, Asian otters in Captivity, Status of Asian Otters Listed in the 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals.

For further information please contact:
N. Sivasothi, School of Biological Sciences, The National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge 119260, Singapore, e-mail.: sivasothi@hotmail.com.

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